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Spring water source [message #15117] Tue, 05 June 2018 16:35 Go to next message
praptishinde is currently offline  praptishinde
Messages: 1
Registered: June 2018
Location: Tampa
I am working on sources of drinking water focusing on the springs. The data provided by the surveys are classified as protected springs and unprotected springs. I would like to know that how are they defined as protected or unprotected? Does protected mean spring box attached at the source or the water is piped from spring till the household.
Thank you in advance

Prapti Shinde
Re: Spring water source [message #15253 is a reply to message #15117] Tue, 19 June 2018 17:17 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Messages: 1290
Registered: February 2013
Senior Member
A response from Senior Technical Expert, Dr. Kia Reinis:

Water "piped from spring to till the household" would be coded as "piped into dwelling" or "piped into yard/plot" or "piped to neighbor" depending to where it's pipes. Or it may be piped to a "public tap"/standpipe".

Protected and unprotected springs are defined:

Protected spring:
A spring protected from runoff, bird droppings, and animals by a "spring box" which is typically constructed of brick, masonry, or concrete and is built around the spring so that water flows directly out of the box into a pipe without being exposed to outside pollution.

Unprotected spring:
A spring that is subject to runoff and/or bird droppings or animals. Unprotected springs typically do not have a "spring box".

And in the context of dug wells, protected/unprotected are defined:

Protected dug well:
A dug well that is (1) protected from runoff water through a well lining or casing that is raised above ground level and a platform that diverts spilled water away from the well and (2) covered so that bird droppings and animals cannot fall down the hole. Both conditions must be observed for a dug well to be considered as protected.

Unprotected dug well:
A dug well which is (1) unprotected from runoff water; (2) unprotected from bird droppings and animals; or (3) both.

[Updated on: Tue, 07 August 2018 16:30]

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Re: Spring water source [message #15257 is a reply to message #15253] Wed, 20 June 2018 04:54 Go to previous message
Messages: 96
Registered: April 2018
Location: Ethiopia, in Africa
Senior Member
Dear Dr.Shireen Assaf, Thank you very much!! I have learned a lot from your post and reply.
With Best Wishes,Hassen

Hassen Ali Hamza (BSc in Public Health,Master of Public Health Candidate)
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