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MEDIA EXPOSURE VARIABLE [message #14621] Mon, 23 April 2018 05:39 Go to next message
Mlue
Messages: 89
Registered: February 2017
Location: North West
Senior Member
Here's how I compute the MEDIA EXPOSURE VARIABLE(S): BANGLADESH DHS 2014 AS AN EXAMPLE


I use the Individual Recode file

/** FOR SAS **/



/** FOR TABLE 3.4 EXPOSURE TO MASS MEDIA **/


/*********************************************************************************/

/** ACCESS TO MASS MEDIA **/

DATA MASS_MEDIA_BDHS14;
	SET BDHS.BDIR72FL; /* USED THE LIBNAME TO CALL DATA INTO SAS */
	WEIGHT = (v005 / 1000000);

	psu =    v021;
	strata = v023;

	FORMAT news_once$6. watch_tv$6. listen_radio$6. all_media$6. no_media$6.;

	/** READING NEWSPAPERS (at least once a week) **/
	IF v157 in(2:3)		THEN		news_once =	"1. Yes";
	IF v157 not in(2:3)	THEN		news_once =	"0. No";
	
	/** WATCHES TV (at least once a week) **/
	IF v159 in(2:3)		THEN		watch_tv	= "1. Yes";
	IF v159 not in(2:3)	THEN		watch_tv	= "0. No";

	/** LISTENS TO THE RADIO (at least once a week) **/
	IF v158 in(2:3)		THEN		listen_radio	= "1. Yes";
	IF v158 not in(2:3)	THEN		listen_radio	= "0. No";

	/** ACCESSES ALL THREE MEDIA (at least once a week) **/
	IF	news_once = "1. Yes" & watch_tv = "1. Yes" & listen_radio = "1. Yes" then all_media="1. Yes";
	ELSE 																		  all_media="0. No";

	/** NO ACCESS TO ALL THREE MEDIA **/
	IF	news_once = "1. Yes" or watch_tv = "1. Yes" or listen_radio = "1. Yes" then no_media="0. No";
	ELSE IF news_once		= "0. No"	or 
			watch_tv		= "0. No"	or 
			listen_radio	= "0. No"	then no_media= "1. Yes";

	PROC TEMPLATE;
	EDIT BASE.FREQ.CROSSTABFREQS;
	EDIT FREQUENCY;
	FORMAT=BEST12.;
	END;
	END;
RUN;

PROC FREQ DATA=WORK.MASS_MEDIA_BDHS14;
	WEIGHT	WEIGHT;
	*TITLE "NUMBERS ONLY";
	TABLE 	news_once watch_tv listen_radio all_media no_media;
	TABLE 	v013 * news_once	/NOCOL NOROW NOPERCENT;
	*TABLE 	v013 * watch_tv		/NOCOL NOROW NOPERCENT;
	*TABLE 	v013 * listen_radio /NOCOL NOROW NOPERCENT;
	*TABLE 	v013 * all_media	/NOCOL NOROW NOPERCENT;
	*TABLE 	v013 * no_media		/NOCOL NOROW NOPERCENT;*/
RUN;


************************************************************ *******************************************************

/** FOR SPSS**/



/** BANGLADESH DHS 2014 **/

/** FOR TABLE 3.4 EXPOSURE TO MASS MEDIA **/

** USING SPSS

/*************************************************************************************************************/

/** ACCESS TO MASS MEDIA **/

COMPUTE weight = (v005 / 1000000).
COMPUTE psu = v021.
COMPUTE strata = v023.

WEIGHT BY weight.

	** READING NEWSPAPERS (at least once a week).
RECODE v157 (2 THRU 3=1) (ELSE=0) INTO news_once.
VARIABLE ATTRIBUTE news_once "Reads a newspaper at least once a week?".
VALUE LABELS news_once 0 "No" 1 "Yes".
	
** WATCHES TV (at least once a week).
RECODE v159 (2 THRU 3=1) (ELSE=0) INTO watch_tv.
VARIABLE ATTRIBUTE watch_tv "Watches television at least once a week?".
VALUE LABELS watch_tv 0 "No" 1 "Yes".

** LISTENS TO THE RADIO (at least once a week).
RECODE v158 (2 THRU 3=1) (ELSE=0) INTO listen_radio.
VARIABLE ATTRIBUTE listen_radio "Listens to the radio at least once a week?".
VALUE LABELS listen_radio 0 "No" 1 "Yes".

** ACCESSES ALL THREE MEDIA (at least once a week).
COMPUTE all_media=0.
IF	news_once = 1 & watch_tv = 1 & listen_radio = 1 all_media=1.
VARIABLE ATTRIBUTE all_media "Accesses all three media at least once a week?".
VALUE LABELS all_media 0 "No" 1 "Yes".

** NO ACCESS TO ALL THREE MEDIA.
COMPUTE no_media=1.
IF	news_once = 1 OR watch_tv = 1 OR listen_radio = 1 no_media=0.
VARIABLE ATTRIBUTE no_media "Accesses none of the three media at least once a week?".
VALUE LABELS no_media 0 "No" 1 "Yes".

/********************************************************************************************************************/

** CHECK.
FREQUENCIES VARIABLES=news_once watch_tv listen_radio all_media no_media
  /ORDER=ANALYSIS.

CROSSTABS
  /TABLES=V013 v190 BY no_media
  /FORMAT=AVALUE TABLES
  /CELLS=COUNT
  /COUNT ROUND CELL.

CROSSTABS
  /TABLES=V013 BY news_once
  /FORMAT=AVALUE TABLES
  /CELLS=COUNT
  /COUNT ROUND CELL.


************************************************************ *********************************************************

/** FOR Stata**/



/*
	INDIVIDUAL RECODE: BDIR72FL
	BDHS 2014

	BY: MLULEKI TSAWE - (University of the Western Cape, South Africa)

*/

clear all
use "BDIR72FL", clear
set more off

********************************************************************************

** WEIGHT VARIABLE
gen weight = v005/1000000

/** ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ **/ 

** SURVEY SET
gen psu =    v021
gen strata = v023
svyset psu [pw = weight], strata(strata)

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

** FOR TABLE 3.4 EXPOSURE TO MASS MEDIA **

** READING NEWSPAPERS (at least once a week)
cap drop news_once
recode v157 (2/3=1 "Yes") (else=0 "No"), gen(news_once)
label variable news_once "Reads a newspaper at least once a week?"
label values news_once news_once

svy: tab v013 news_once, percent format(%4.1f) row

** WATCHES TV (at least once a week)
cap drop watch_tv
recode v159 (2/3=1 "Yes") (else=0 "No"), gen(watch_tv)
label variable watch_tv "Watches television at least once a week?"
label values watch_tv watch_tv

svy: tab v013 watch_tv, percent format(%4.1f) row

** LISTENS TO THE RADIO (at least once a week)
cap drop listen_radio
recode v158 (2/3=1 "Yes") (else=0 "No"), gen(listen_radio)
label variable listen_radio "Listens to the radio at least once a week?"
label values listen_radio listen_radio

svy: tab v013 listen_radio, percent format(%4.1f) row

***********************************************************

** ACCESSES ALL THREE MEDIA (at least once a week)

cap drop all_media
gen all_media = 0

foreach groupvar of varlist news_once watch_tv listen_radio {
	replace all_media=1 if (news_once==1 & watch_tv==1 & listen_radio==1)
}
*
label define all_media	0"No"  1"Yes"
label variable all_media "Accesses all three media at least once a week"
label values all_media all_media

svy: tab v013 all_media, count format(%4.0f)
svy: tab v013 all_media, percent format(%4.1f) row

********************************************************************************


** NO ACCESS TO ALL THREE MEDIA

cap drop no_media
gen no_media = 0

foreach groupvar of varlist news_once watch_tv listen_radio {
	replace no_media=1 if (news_once==0 & watch_tv==0 & listen_radio==0)
}
*
label define no_media	0"No"  1"Yes"
label variable no_media "Accesses none of the three media at least once a week?"
label values no_media no_media

svy: tab v013 no_media, count format(%4.0f)
svy: tab v013 no_media, percent format(%4.1f) row

exit



Re: MEDIA EXPOSURE VARIABLE [message #14622 is a reply to message #14621] Mon, 23 April 2018 05:44 Go to previous messageGo to next message
dhs110 is currently offline  dhs110
Messages: 39
Registered: October 2014
Location: korea
Member
Thanks once again.

dhs110
Re: MEDIA EXPOSURE VARIABLE [message #14821 is a reply to message #14622] Mon, 07 May 2018 12:37 Go to previous message
Hassen
Messages: 121
Registered: April 2018
Location: Ethiopia,Africa
Senior Member
Thank you all!!

Hassen Ali(Chief Public Health Professional Specialist)
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